- November 5, 2022
- Posted by: Legend Consultancy
DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATION OF THE SECTOR Two basic classification systems are used for all products subject to trade. Detailed
While the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding Systems (Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding Systems) is used for data, the International Standard Trade Classification (SITC Rev.4, Standard International Trade Classification) is used for aggregated data.
Packaging Industry, according to the Standard International Commercial Classification (SITC) 582, 635, 641.
It is defined in sections 642, 658, 665, 692, 699, and 892.
Packaging Industry Product definitions based on Customs Tariff Statistics Position Codes (GTİP) according to the Harmonized System are given below.
HS Code – Product Description
3919- Adhesive sheet, leaf, strip, slide, etc.
3920- Other plates, sheets, pellicle and slides of plastic
3921- Other plates, sheets, pellicle, foil and slides of plastic
3923- Plastic products, stoppers, caps, capsules for goods transport packaging
4415- Wooden boxes, cages, crates and similar packages, cable reels, etc.
4416- Wooden barrels, barrels, buckets, trusses, other cooper’s articles and parts
4804- Kraft paper and cardboard, uncoated, in rolls or sheets
4805- Other uncoated paper and cardboard (in rolls or sheets)
4806- Vegetable parchment, greaseproof paper, tracing, crystal paper
4807- Paper, cardboard obtained by gluing only
4808- Corrugated paper and cardboard; crepe, crease, embossed papers
4811- Sheets of paper, cardboard, cellulose wadding and fiber
4817- Paper and cardboard envelopes, letter cards, postcards, etc.
4819- Paper-cardboard, etc. based boxes, covers, bags etc.
4821- All kinds of labels made of paper and cardboard
4823- Paper cut according to other size, etc.; paper based goods
6305- Sacks and bags used in packing goods
7010- Glass carboys, bottles, jars, bowls, medicine tubes, glass containers
7309- Iron-steel warehouses, cisterns, vats-volume more than 300lt
7310- Iron-steel tanks, drums, vats, cans-less than 300lt
7612- Aluminum barrels, drums, cans, cans, etc.-volume<300lt
7613- Aluminum containers for compressed, liquid gases
8309- Its name is metal stoppers, caps, capsules, seal leads, etc. Products
PRODUCTION IN TURKEY
Turkey’s packaging industry is a rapidly developing sector.
Rapid urbanization, population growth, increase in living standards, increase in women’s participation in business life, changes in consumption habits, increase in retail shopping tendency with the spread of shopping centers, increase in demand for consumer products and increase in exports are the main factors in the rapid development of the sector.
There are approximately 3000 companies producing packaging materials in Turkey. Most of these firms are medium and small sized firms. Firms in the packaging industry are concentrated in Istanbul, Izmir, Bursa, Ankara, Konya, Kocaeli, Gaziantep, Adana, Kayseri and Manisa.
Companies operating in the sector; They produce in five main groups: plastic, paper-cardboard, metal, glass and wooden packaging.
Plastic packaging production in Turkey is over 3.7 million tons. Turkish PE and PP woven bags and sacks sector has significant production and export capacity.
Paper, cardboard and corrugated cardboard products have become one of the important sectors of the packaging industry and most of the production in the packaging industry belongs to this sector. Turkey has a developed glass industry. In the glass industry, Turkey Şişe ve Cam Fab. Inc.
It dominates the domestic market and Anadolu Cam exports packaging production technologies as well as glass packaging exports. Glass packaging is used especially in the food industry today, where recycling is of great importance.
wooden packaging; It consists of wooden boxes, crates and pallets that are mostly used for packaging agricultural products (fresh fruit, vegetables, etc.). Production in ISO and new ISPM 15 standards is common in the sector.
In addition, the Turkish packaging industry has reached world standards in quality. There is a significant increase in the number of companies receiving ISO 9000, ISO 14001 and ISO 22000. Research and development in the sector and packaging designs made in this context are of great importance to compete worldwide.
has gained importance.
Turkish packaging manufacturers closely follow the developments in national and international environmental regulations and comply with these regulations. With the “Regulation on Control of Packaging Wastes” in force
a) Production of packages with certain environmental criteria, basic conditions and features,
b) Prevention of the formation of packaging wastes, repetition of unavoidable packaging wastes
Reducing the amount to be disposed of through use, recycling and recovery,
c) Packaging wastes are disposed of directly or indirectly into the receiving environment in a way that harms the environment.
prevention of giving
ç) Collecting packaging wastes separately at the source within a certain management system,
Establishment of technical and administrative standards for transportation, separation
FOREIGN TRADE OF TURKEY
Turkish packaging industry products exports amounted to 4.7 billion dollars in 2019. In addition, a large amount of packaging is exported indirectly as packaging for export products. Packaging industry exports have increased by 1 billion dollars in the last five years. due to the global crisis
Exports of packaging products decreased by approximately 15% in 2009 due to the contraction. Between 2010 and 2015, it increased by approximately 50% from $2.47 billion to $3.74 billion. In the 2015-2019 period, it increased by 26% and reached 4.7 billion dollars.
In 2019, plastic packaging products take the first place in packaging industry exports with a share of 60.6%. Plastic packaging exports increased by 0.17% compared to the previous year and approached 2.9 billion dollars in 2019. The main exported plastic packaging products are; PP sheets and films; PE bags and bags; Knitted bags and sacks from PE or PP strips. Other exported plastic packaging products; caps, containers, demijohns, bottles and similar articles.
Another important packaging group exported is paper and cardboard packaging products with an export share of 24.4%. In 2019, the export of paper and cardboard packaging is 1.2 billion dollars.
has come close. The main products exported are paper packaging and cardboard, corrugated cardboard, boxes, crates and other packaging containers and packaging machine.
Another important packaging group is metal packaging with an export share of 8.6% in the total packaging industry. The main products exported are; aluminum drums, other metal drums, cans (including rigid or collapsible cans). In 2019, the total export of metal packaging products was 404 million dollars.
Glass and wooden packaging products are other important export products. These products; demijohns, bottles, flasks, jars, ampoules, wooden boxes and pallets. In 2019, glass packaging exports were approximately 142 million dollars, and wooden packaging exports were 29 million dollars.
Turkish packaging industry products are exported to over 200 countries, mainly EU countries, Commonwealth of Independent States, Eastern Europe and Middle East countries. When we look at the basis of countries, England, Germany, Iraq, Israel, Italy, USA, France, Iran, Netherlands are the main export countries in 2019. In 2019, the UK’s share in packaging industry exports was 8%, Germany’s share was 7%, Iraq’s share was 7%, Israel’s share was 4.5% and Italy’s share was 4%.
© Republic of Turkey-Ministry of Economy, 2020 6 Turkey’s packaging materials imports increased by 11.6% in 2019 compared to 2018.
decreased to approximately 2.9 billion dollars. Plastic packaging, which is the most important import item, constitutes 53.6% of packaging imports, and paper, cardboard and corrugated cardboard packaging constitutes 37.3% of packaging imports.
The main countries in our packaging materials import are Germany, China, Italy, USA, France, Poland, South Korea, Spain, Finland, England and Sweden. Germany’s share in our packaging material imports was 19%, China 12%, Italy 9%, USA, France and Poland 5%.
Factors enabling growth in the packaging industry sector; urbanization, construction and housing investments, the emerging health care sector, and rapid growth in emerging economies such as Brazil, China, India and some Eastern European countries.
Increases in disposable personal income in developing regions increase consumption and demand for packaging increases as a result of increased consumption. For example, the increase in demand for white goods such as washing machines and dishwashers due to time pressure on consumers increases not only the demand for packaging required for the packaging of these goods, but also the demand for home care products necessary for the operation of these machines, and therefore the packaging demand for these products.
World packaging industry exports in 2019 amounted to approximately 300 billion dollars. It decreased by 3.1% compared to the previous year. Plastic packaging accounts for 55.5% of world packaging exports, and paper-cardboard packaging for 30.4%. Other packaging products, respectively, exported
groups; metal, glass and wooden packaging. The world’s largest packaging exporting countries are China, Germany, USA, Italy, Japan and France.
World packaging industry imports amounted to 297.1 billion dollars in 2019. Plastic packaging accounts for 55.7%, paper-cardboard packaging 30.5%, metal packaging 7.5%, glass packaging 3.6% and packaging packaging 1.5% of the world’s total packaging imports. occurs.
The world’s largest packaging retail sales are in the USA, Germany, China, France, Mexico, England, Canada, the Netherlands, Italy, Belgium and Poland.